Why are men more likely to develop hearing loss after the age of 40?

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According to the global epidemiological survey on hearing loss, men are more likely to suffer from hearing loss after the age of 40. Although men and women have the same ear structure, men are more likely to develop hearing loss than women. According to a global epidemiological survey on hearing loss, about 56% of men suffer from hearing loss and about 44% of women do.

Why are men more likely to suffer hearing loss after the age of 40? Prone to hearing loss?

In fact, men are more susceptible to hearing loss mainly due to external reasons, because many occupations that cause hearing loss are more male-dominated, such as artillery, underground operations, heavy industry factories, etc., as well as male Smoking and drinking are more likely to cause damage to hearing, and it is often felt that men are more likely to suffer from hearing loss.

1. The working environment is the biggest factor
I believe that in our daily lives, if we are decorating upstairs or downstairs, the sound of electric drills is the most intolerable. In fact, we have all overlooked: Decorators actually have to endure more noise caused by decoration. Decoration workers who have been in a loud noise environment for a long time may find it less harsh because they are used to it, but our ears cannot get used to it, or if we say "used to it", it is very likely that our hearing has become insensitive. In addition, there are also the roar of machines on the construction site (friends of migrant workers) in the construction industry, drivers who have been driving for a long time, firefighters in the fire department, etc. They are all exposed to a noisy environment for a long time. In such a working environment, hearing loss and deafness are more likely to occur.

2. Bad living habits

Research shows that men’s living habits are more unhealthy than women’s. Men will habitually smoke due to work pressure and life pressure. However, what is easily overlooked is that smokers are more likely to suffer from hearing loss than non-smokers. Cardiovascular disease caused by poor diet can also easily cause hearing loss. In addition, excessive stress, staying up late, etc. can easily cause sudden deafness.

3. High-frequency hearing loss
According to scientific research, when people lose hearing due to the natural aging process, we often find that high-frequency hearing loss occurs first in men. Difficulty hearing sounds, and women are more likely to develop low-frequency hearing difficulties. Since high frequencies are responsible for speech intelligibility, hearing loss in men is more noticeable in the early stages.

4. Women are more likely to notice their own hearing loss
When women discover that their hearing loss (cannot be restored), they are more likely to recognize their hearing loss and actively wear hearing aids, so their There is no permanent hearing loss. Men are less likely to admit that they have hearing loss (could it be because they think being "deaf" is a shameful thing?), and they think that only the elderly will wear hearing aids. longOver time, the hearing loss will become more and more severe, leading to further deterioration.

Therefore, for the health of our hearing, it is very important to develop good working and living habits: staff who have been in a noisy environment for a long time should use anti-noise earplugs at any time to protect our hearing. Learn to release work pressure and life pressure well, and try to avoid a lot of smoking, drinking, etc.

If you find that you may have hearing loss or tinnitus, it is recommended to go to a hearing center to have your ears checked as soon as possible. Some ear conditions are treatable, such as cerumen embolism. If you are diagnosed with neurological deafness, etc., there is currently no drug or surgical treatment to restore hearing. Early and correct selection of hearing aids will improve hearing.

Hearing loss and depression A large French study found that men with hearing loss who did not use hearing aids were more likely to suffer from depression than older adults with normal hearing or who used hearing aids. The risk increases by 43%. The study did not find an increased risk of depression in women. This may have something to do with women finding an outlet for their emotions more easily. Hearing loss and dementia A large Australian study has found that older male adults with hearing loss have a 69% increased risk of developing dementia compared with older male adults with normal hearing. The study followed 37,898 older men living in the Perth metropolitan area of ​​Australia for 25 years. The results of this study were published in the journal Maturitas in March 2018.